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Last Updated:

September 2023


Population: 22.27% (1)

Area: 14.77% (2)

Current majority government:

Premier: Francois Legault, Coalition Avenir Québec

Number of Members of National Assembly in QC: 125 

  • Coalition Avenir Québec: 89

  • Liberal Party: 19

  • Québec Solidaire Party: 12

  • Parti Québécois: 3

  • Independent: 1

  • Vacant: 1

You can find your representative in the National Assembly: here

Environmental stance of majority party:

Some of the main environmental focuses of the Coalition Avenir Québec include the export of clean energy to other provinces and the United States. The Coalition Avenir Québec also focuses on reducing greenhouse gas emissions and is working towards Québec being more energy efficient and zero-waste. The party is also working towards a greener economy via the promotion of greener technologies and alternative energy sources such as investing in greener public transportation. (3)

Percentage of 2020/2021 budget estimated to be allocated to the environment:

Total 2023-2024 Estimated Budget: $115,482,800,000

Total 2022-2023 Estimated Spending: $117,867,141,000

Environment, Lutte contre les changements climatiques, Faune et Parcs:

  • Estimated Budget for 2023-2024: $614,649,500 (0.53% of the budget)

  • Estimated 2022-2023 Spending: $476,860,500 (0.40% of the budget)

  • $137,789,000 projected funding increase from 2022-2023 to 2023-2024

Ressources naturelles et Forêts:

  • Estimated Budget for 2023-2024: $462,966,400 (0.40% of the budget)

  • Estimated 2022-2023 Spending: $497,630,300 (0.42% of the budget)

  • $34,663,900 projected funding decrease from 2022-2023 to 2023-2024 (3)

Main provincial-level legislation for environment protection:

Environmental Quality Act: 

  • Implements the assessment of projects that will affect the environment, and also insists that said projects must be approved by the Minister before they can move forward. 

Pesticides Act: 

  • Regulates the sale and use of pesticides in Québec, in collaboration with the Environmental Quality Act. 

Natural Heritage Conservation Act: 

  • Maintaining the natural heritage of Québec by protecting natural ecosystems. 

The Zero-Emission Vehicle Standard: 

  • Encourages automakers to produce and lease cars that run on greener energy. 

2013-2020 Climate Change Action Plan: 

  • The government of Québec’s planned programs and funding for fighting climate change. (4) (5) (6)

Sustainable Development Act:

  • An Act was developed to hold the provincial government accountable in the pursuit of a more sustainable society, ensuring government actions are implemented with the goal of sustainable development in mind (7).

Specific government-based environmental programs:

Action-Climate Québec arises from the 2013-2020 Climate Change Action Plan and funds projects from Québecois which promote environmentally conscious behaviour and understanding of climate change. (8)

Québec’s Green Fund was amended in 2019 when the National Assembly was presented with a bill that re-centralized the focus of the Green Fund to projects that were producing direct results fighting climate change. (9)

2030 Plan for a Green Economy:

  • The Québec government’s plan to ‘electrify the economy’ in efforts to use the fight against climate change to boost the economy of the province (10).

GHG Challenge - Industry and MADI:

  • The government of Québec is utilizing $158,000,000 of financial incentives to encourage corporations to adhere to the government’s 2030 emissions reduction targets (11).

The OASIS Project:

  • $113,600,000 of provincial government funding to support municipalities and Indigenous communities in their efforts to prepare for and mitigate the impacts of climate change. Support included greening projects intended to reduce the impacts of heat waves and other catastrophic weather events (12).

Next election date:

On or before October 5th, 2026. (13)

Fun Facts:

  • Hydropower accounts for ~94% of Quebec’s energy supply (14)

  • Committing $2.1 billion towards updating current public transit systems to increase their accessibility and sustainability as a part of the $142.5 billion Québec Infrastructure Plan (15)

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