Non-partisan Platform Comparison
This is a summary of the climate and environmental action promises and platforms of the five federally represented political parties in what is currently Canada. It is updated regularly to the best of our abilities with the information available.
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Please note that we will not be grading these platforms, or ranking the parties at this time.
Last updated: September 17th, 2021
Frequently asked questions
Where is "X" party?
We are summarizing the environment and climate change-related promises and platforms of the five main political parties with representation in the House of Commons.
Will financial matters, including universal basic income, be covered here?
We will be covering all of the sub-categories shown below. We will cover all financial promises related to environment & climate change. Financial support that does not involve environmental initiatives (i.e. rebates, savings accounts, public funding) will not be reflected in the chart.
When will the chart updated?
The chart will be updated once a week on Fridays.
Here, we outline each party's emissions target and broad commitments towards achieving them, including net-zero goals and stances on subsidies.
GHG = Green House Gas
Mt = Megatonnes
Collaborate with the Net-Zero Advisory Body to develop 2025 and 2030 emissions reduction goals for the oil and gas industry to ensure that things are on-track for reaching the government’s 2030 climate goals.
Achieve a 40-45% emissions reduction compared to 2005 by 2030 via the implementation of all policy and fiscal commitments from the December 2020 Strengthened Climate Plan, including the Net Zero Emissions Accountability Act.
Reviewing financial legislation, (Bank of Canada Act, the Export Development Canada Act, and the Canada Pension Plan Investment Board Act), ensuring federal financial levers and Crown corporations are aligned with the goal of net-zero .
Work with provinces and territories to reduce methane through real-time monitoring and leakage detection, ensuring provincial methane regulations are equivalent to federal regulations whilst increasing ambition of these targets through 2030-50.
Here, we outline national and international cross sector strategies, including carbon pricing, emergency preparedness, and global partnerships.
Collaborate with the provinces and territories, Indigenous communities, and municipalities to create a National Net-Zero Emissions Building Strategy to build a plan to achieve net-zero emissions from buildings by 2050.
Collaborate with entrepreneurs, municipalities, provinces and territories, and Indigenous governments to utilize and prioritize Canadian innovations in the building and construction sector, via the creation of a Low-Carbon Building Materials Innovation Hub.
Support Canadian-made low carbon products (eg: steel, aluminum, copper, wood), focusing on what the government buys, what the government invests in, and the rules set for the governments and private sector investors via a new Buy Clean Strategy.
Provide Canadians with insight into their flood risk and how best to prepare via the creation of a national flood ready portal and protect at-risk homeowners via the creation of a low-cost national flood insurance program.
Mandate the labelling of consumer products (eg: makeup, cleaning products, etc.) with potential health and environmental hazards and create a plan to protect Canadians from exposure to toxic chemicals that may be found in some of these products.
Carbon prices starting at $20/tonne, increasing to a maximum of $50/tonne. Businesses that purchase fuel but aren’t subject to the Output Based Pricing System will have a similar Small Business Low Carbon Savings Account.
Propose to Biden administration minimum North American standards for key industrial sectors, backed up by border carbon adjustments to prevent leakage of emissions and jobs to countries with lower environmental and emissions standards.
Implement “First Five” Policy for deploying new emissions reduction technology - providing tax relief to the first 5 facilities that use new technologies that provide meaningful emissions reductions with a high initial cost.
Implement a national action plan on floods, including the establishment of a residential high risk flood insurance program to prioritize resilience against the impacts of climate change, and ensure Canadians are financially protected.
Increase the federal corporate tax rate from 15 to 21% to bring it into line with the federal rate in the United States and then remobilize this money for the transition to a green, renewable economy.
Increase funding through the Disaster Mitigation and Adaptation Fund (DMAF) to support climate resilience projects including: wildfire mitigation activities, rehabilitation of storm water systems, and restoration of wetlands, shorelines, and other natural infrastructure.
Work with provinces to build corporate climate accountability and ensure transparency on climate risk, as well as strict rules to prevent big companies from purchasing offsets to escape net-zero obligations.
Fulfill Canada’s G-20 commitment to eliminate fossil fuel subsidies and redirect these funds to low carbon initiatives, ensuring that future governments can’t reverse this by putting in place legislation to ban future oil, gas and pipeline subsidies.
Introduce a bill that will impose climate rules on banks: ensuring transparency about fossil fuel investments by banks, placing restrictions on financing new oil projects, requiring submission of a timetable for fossil fuel divestment
OIL & GAS
Here, we outline each party's stance on addressing oil & gas production, as well as pipelines, fracking, and more.
2019 GHG Emissions: The oil and gas sector was the largest source of GHG emissions in 2019, accounting for 26% of annual emissions in Canada
No explicit mention of this category within official election platform.
Here, we outline each party's stance on transportation, including public transit, government and commercial fleets, electric vehicles and more.
2019 GHG Emissions: The transport sector was the second largest source of emissions in 2019, accounted for 25% of annual emissions in Canada
EV = Electric Vehicle
ULEV = Ultra Low Emission Vehicle
ZEV = Zero Emission Vehicle
Ensure that federal transit funding emphasizes scaling up low carbon transit projects like zero-emissions buses and electric trains with the goal of electrifying transit and other municipal fleets by 2030.
Invest $1.5 billion for a 3 year extension of the iZEV rebate program and expand the program to include more vehicle types and get over 500,000 Canadians into ZEVs.duty vehicle sales are ZEVs by 2030.
IMPORT & EXPORT
Here, we outline each party's stance on imports and exports, including sustainable shipping, exporting strategies, and fossil fuel subsidies.
Commit to zero-emission ports by 2030 through the development of port hydrogen hubs, and developing ties to international ports to support the development of green shipping corridors and hydrogen export markets. This will include a zero-emissions port infrastructure fund and a commitment to have all marine vessels at berth connected to shore power by 2030 to lower port emissions and reduce harmful local air pollution.
INDUSTRY & ENERGY
Here, we outline each party's stance on the energy grid, and industries such as chemical and mining.
2019 GHG Emissions: Combined, electricity and heavy industry accounted for 19% of national emissions in 2019.
Collaborate with the provinces and territories, Indigneous communities, private sector partners, and labour and civil society to create a Pan-Canadian Grid Council that will develop standards, projects, and incentives to work towards being a carbon-free electricity producer and to sell Clean Canadian Power to the United States.
Make climate resilient infrastructure development projects easier through the development of toolkits that will offer guidelines for carbon emission calculations, methodologies for determining resiliency of the project, and examples of where to incorporate low-carbon technology and building materials.
Develop a National Clean Energy Strategy with the following components: (1)Strengthening Canada’s Grid: develop and expand smart grids, improve interties, increase use of mass storage, develop and deploy new clean energy technologies (nuclear, hydrogen, renewables), (2)ESG-I Leadership (Environmental, Social, Governance, Indigenous engagement), (3)Building a Hydrogen-Powered Future: plan for how Canada can become leader in production of blue and green hydrogen, and (4)Liquid Natural Gas Exports: focus on exporting LNG while ensuring new facilities are electrified to reduce emissions.
Here, we outline each party's goals for waste, including single-use plastics and waste reduction strategies.
Changing recycled plastics labelling, including prohibition of the current arrows symbolism and mandating that the product must be accepted by 80% of what is currently Canada’s recycling facilities in order to be labelled as recyclable.
Supporting Canadian-made solutions to plastic waste via the creation of a new $100 million fund released over the next five years and working with the Canada Plastics Pact and the Circular Economy Innovation Network.
Build a circular food economy to eliminate food waste through processes from farm to table with the creation of a No-Waste Food Fund, while also working with community partners to give Canadians access to healthy foods.
Support the shift to reusable products and packaging by adjusting federal procurement practices, supporting municipalities that adopt better reuse standards, and introducing targets for refillable beverage containers.
Hold companies responsible for the entire lifecycle of their plastic products and packaging, help municipalities improve their waste management and recycling systems, and support improved standards for what products can be labelled as recyclable.
Here, we outline each party's stances on freshwater protection strategies, water pollution, and boil-water advisories.
End all remaining boil-water advisories, provide training and resources to prevent future advisories, and resolve all national class action litigation relate 5 yearsd to boil-water advisories in Indigenous communities.
End all remaining boil-water advisories, provide training and resources to prevent future advisories, and resolve all national class action litigation related to boil-water advisories in Indigenous communities.
Work towards a blue economy, focused on freshwater economies like the Great Lakes, in collaboration with business, academic, and not-for profit partners, as well as provincial and territorial governments.
Support wetland, river and lake conservation through completion of the Canadian Wetland Inventory, wetland protection on private lands, and restored funding for watershed protection (Lake Simcoe, Great Lakes, and Lake Winnipeg in particular).
Phase out open net-pen fin fishing aquaculture in Pacific waters by 2025 and all Canadian waters by 2030 to secure a transition into sustainable seafood in collaboration with Indigenous and provincial governments to move towards band-based closed containment facilities.
Implement an Extended Producer Responsibility program for all companies making or selling synthetic fishing gear which fund the retrieval of lost or abandoned fishing gear, and the collection and recycling of old, damaged, and recovered fishing gear
Here, we outline each party's goals for the forestry and agriculture sectors, including specific conservation strategies.
2019 GHG Emissions: The agriculture sector accounted for approximately 10% of national emissions in 2019.
Ensure the protection of the biodiversity of lands and waters through the consultation of Indigenous guardians, committing to the international convention on biological diversity and committing to a national urban biodiversity regeneration strategy focused on greenspace, addressing environmental racism and protecting urban-sensitive species.
Implement a National Forest Strategy to include fire breaks/ suppression, physical resources to aid in the swift putting out of fires and creating fire mitigation subsidies for those affected in rural areas to ensure the maintenance of forest health.
Reallocate funds from the Next Policy Framework from corporate-led agriculture to more ecological and animal welfare based practices which include localized food systems, shorter value chains and so forth.
Create a new comprehensive 10-year biodiversity strategy and action plan to halt and reverse biodiversity loss in the ocean by 2030 and fufill Canada’s commitment to the G7 Nature Compact and UN CBD by the end of 2023.
Here, we outline each party's investments into just transitions and green job creation strategies.
Support investments in innovative community-owned and operated clean energy projects to keep jobs and expertise local, work in partnership with Indigenous and northern communities to move off diesel, improving energy security and cutting emissions and air pollution.
Building green infrastructure in communities across the country, and because products produced by Canadian workers have some of the lowest carbon emissions in the world, we will require the use of Canadian-made steel, aluminum, cement and wood products for infrastructure projects across the country.
Support sustainable agriculture, working with Canadian farmers to promote sustainable land-management techniques and methods to reduce GHG emissions. We’ll also work with the agricultural sector to help them access low carbon tools and technology, and adapt to climate-induced weather changes and other impacts of the climate crisis.